The teaching of phonics begins in Nursery and Reception using 'Letters and Sounds’. We believe in the earliest start possible. Sounds are introduced at a rate of one a day throughout the Autumn and Spring term. Children consolidate these sounds in the Summer term whilst learning to blend the sounds together to read and write words. 


In Years 1 and 2, the children continue to follow the DFE’s ‘Letters and Sounds’ scheme, learning alternative spellings of the previously learned sounds and refining their knowledge to become more fluid readers and more accurate spellers. Teachers and Teaching Assistants receive training in this area to ensure they are ‘experts’ at teaching early reading.

The Phonics Screening Check

During the Summer term in Year 1, children nationwide are tested on their phonic knowledge. This test helps us to identify children who have gaps in their phonic knowledge and may need further support in Year 2. The test is low-key and we endeavour to make it stress-free for the children. Essentially, the children are asked to read 40 words from a list, using their phonics to ‘sound out’ the word and then blend it if they need to. Parents are informed as to whether their child has achieved the national expectation within the child’s end-of-year report. For the last three years we have achieved 80%  which has been in line with National data.

If children fall behind or have difficulties we ensure speedy ‘catch up’ sessions in Year 2 to help them be well prepared for Y3.

Practicing Phonics at Home

The best phonics resources are ordinary reading books. Alongside the books your child brings home seek out books that you and your child enjoy reading. Discuss words that present a challenge, breaking them down into their component sounds in order to read them if necessary. Make sure you set aside quiet time for reading and enjoying books together. 

In addition to books, your child will bring home packs of words that can be decoded using their phonics knowledge. Practice reading and spelling these words. Play fun games with them such as thinking of words that rhyme. Finally, your child will receive ‘high-frequency words’ in their book bags. These are common words that appear very often in written texts.

They are a mixture of decodable words (words that can be sounded out) and sight words/exception words (words in which the English spelling code works in an unusual or uncommon way, which means the words have to be learned and recognised by sight). The expectation is that by the end of Reception children should be able to read most of these words, and by the end of Year 1 they should be able to spell most of them. Try to practice one word with your child from the list per day.


Files to Download

William Stockton Primary School

Heathfield Road, Ellesmere Port, Cheshire, CH65 8DH

0151 3551650

Our Calendar

Date for your diary

Our Federated Partner School

Wimboldsley Primary School


Our Twitter Feed